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Enid Blyton

Enid Blyton

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Enid Blyton, (Enid Mary Blyton), (1897 - 1968) aka Mary Pollock
 

Enid Mary Blyton was born on 11 August 1897 at 354 Lordship Lane, East Dulwich, London. She was the first child of Theresa Mary Harrison (1874-1950) and Thomas Carey Blyton (1870-1920), a salesman of cutlery, later when the family had moved to the nearby suburb of Beckenham, they had two sons more, Hanly (b. 1899), and Carey (b. 1902). She adored her father during her childhood years, but when she was 13, her father left home, and she only saw him for one day every month. Her father's departure had a huge effect on her, impeding her growth and making her ill. From 1907 to 1915, Enid Mary was educated at St. Christopher's School in Beckenham. She was a talented pianist, but gave up her musical studies when she trained as a teacher at Ipswich High School. She taught for five years at Bickley, Surbiton and Chessington, writing in her spare time.

Enid Mary's first book, "Child Whispers", a collection of poems, was published in 1922, when met the handsome Major Hugh Alexander Pollock (1888-1971), who was marked by the divorce from his first wife, Denis Thatcher, to whom he lost to another man, while he was in the First World War. She wrote in her diary soon after meeting him: "I want him for mine." On 28 August 1924, Enid Mary became the second wife of Hugh Pollock, editor of the book department in the publishing firm of George Newnes, which published two of her books that year. The couple moved to Buckinghamshire and eventually they moved to a house in Beaconsfield, know as Green Hedges. At the beginning of the 1930s, she had an experience of a spiritual crisis, but she decided against converting to Roman Catholicism from the Church of England because she had felt it was "too restricting". The Pollocks had two children:

Gillian (1931-2007) and Imogen Mary (b. 1935), who were baptised into the Anglican faith. Shortly after the birth of their daughters, she started writing her first children's series of books based on recurring characters and designed for different age groups. Described as a "one-woman fiction machine", she was the author of a host of legendary characters, including "The Famous Five", "The Secret Seven" and, most famously, "Noddy", "Big Ears" and the other inhabitants of Toyland. She used to sign her books with her maiden name, "Enid Blydon", and her married name, "Mary Pollock".

While her career was a success and she enjoyed with her maternity, the relationship with her husband was in difficulties by his suspicions of her infidelity, and when the Second World War began, the Pollocks' marriage was irretrievably broken. In that time Hugh Pollock met the writer Ida Crowe, his future third wife, and in 1941, Enid Mary also met her future second husband, Kenneth Fraser Darrell Waters (1892-1967), a London surgeon. Finally, Hugh asked for a divorce and Enid Mary acepted, he agreed to be identified as the "guilty" party in the divorce in return for an amicable separation and access to their daughters, who were 12 and 8. The divorce being granted in October 1943, Enid Mary married on 20 October 1943 at the City of Westminster register office, and Hugh also married a few days later (Hugh and Ida Pollock, had a daughter Rosemary Pollock, also a writer). But after the divorce and new marriages, Enid Mary decided that the best thing for her daughters, was not to have contact with his father, whom they had not seen much during the war. She even changed her daughter's surname to Darrell Waters. The relationship with her ex-husband became increasingly tense, and she forbade her editors and friends to work with her ex-husband, who declared bankrupt in 1950, blaming his ex-wife of his financial situation. Enid Mary moved smoothly into her role as a devoted doctor's wife, living with him and her two daughters at the famous Green Hedges. Her literary output was of an estimated 700 books over roughly 40 years. She was very happy in her second marriage, and when her second husband died in 1967, she became increasingly ill. Afflicted by Alzheimer's disease, she was moved into the Greenways Nursing Home, 11 Fellows Road, Hampstead, London, where on 28 November 1968 she died, aged 71, and was cremated at the Golders Green Crematorium where her ashes remain.

Series
Wishing Chair
Adventure of the Wishing Chair (1937)
The Wishing Chair Again (1950)
The Wishing Chair Collections (2002)
The Wishing-chair Collection (omnibus) (2010)

Mr. Galliano's Circus
1. Mr. Galliano's Circus (1938)
2. Hurrah for the Circus! (1939)
3. Circus Days Again (1942)
4. Come to the Circus (1948)
 
Secret
1. The Secret Island (1938)
2. The Secret of Spiggy holes (1940)
3. The Secret Mountain (1941)
4. The Secret of Killimooin (1943)
5. The Secret of Moon Castle (1953)
 
Faraway Tree
The Enchanted Wood (1939)
The Magic Faraway Tree (1943)
The Folk of the Faraway Tree (1946)
Up the Faraway Tree (1951)
The Faraway Tree Stories (omnibus) (2002)

Naughtiest Girl
1. The Naughtiest Girl in the School (1940)
2. The Naughtiest Girl Again (1942)
3. The Naughtiest Girl is a Monitor (1945)
Naughtiest Girl Collection (omnibus) (2004)

Adventurous Four
1. The Adventurous Four (1941)
2. The Adventurous Four Again (1947)

St Clare's
1. The Twins at St Clare's (1941)
2. The O'Sullivan Twins (1942)
3. Summer Term at St Clare's (1943)
4. The Second form at St Clare's (1944)
5. Claudine At St. Clare's (1947)
6. Fifth Formers at St Clare's (1945)

Willow Farm
1. The Children of Willow Farm (1942)
2. More Adventures on Willow Farm (1942)
 
Famous Five
1. Five On a Treasure Island (1942)
2. Five Go Adventuring Again (1942)
3. Five Run Away Together (1944)
     aka Five Run Away to Danger
4. Five Go to Smuggler's Top (1945)
5. Five Go Off in a Caravan (1946)
6. Five On Kirrin Island Again (1947)
7. Five Go Off to Camp (1948)
     aka Five on the Track of a Spook Train
8. Five Get Into Trouble (1949)
     aka Five Caught in a Treacherous Plot
9. Five Fall Into Adventure (1950)
10. Five On a Hike Together (1951)
11. Five Have a Wonderful Time (1952)
12. Five Go Down to the Sea (1953)
13. Five Go to Mystery Moor (1954)
14. Five Have Plenty of Fun (1955)
15. Five On a Secret Trail (1956)
16. Five Go to Billycock Hill (1957)
17. Five Get Into a Fix (1958)
18. Five On Finniston Farm (1960)
19. Five Go to Demon's Rocks (1961)
20. Five Have a Mystery to Solve (1962)
21. Five Are Together Again (1963)
Five Have a Puzzling Time: And Other Stories (1995)
Famous Five Adventures Collection (omnibus) (2004)
Famous Five Mysteries Collection (omnibus) (2004)

Mystery
1. The Mystery of the Burnt Cottage (1943)
2. The Mystery of the Disappearing Cat (1944)
3. The Mystery of the Secret Room (1945)
4. The Mystery of the Spiteful Letters (1946)
5. The Mystery of the Missing Necklace (1947)
6. The Mystery of the Hidden House (1948)
7. The Mystery of the Pantomine Cat (1949)
8. The Mystery of the Invisible Thief (1950)
9. The Mystery of the Vanished Prince (1951)
10. The Mystery of the Strange Bundle (1952)
11. The Mystery of Holly Lane (1953)
12. The Mystery of the Tally-Ho Cottage (1954)
13. The Mystery of the Missing Man (1956)
14. The Mystery of the Strange Messages (1957)
15. The Mystery of the Banshee Towers (1961)

Mary Mouse
4. Hallo, Little Mary Mouse (1945)
More Adventures of Mary Mouse (1943)
Mary Mouse and Her Family (1946)
Here Comes Mary Mouse Again (1947)
Welcome Mary Mouse (1950)

Adventure
1. The Island of Adventure (1944)
2. The Castle of Adventure (1946)
3. The Valley of Adventure (1947)
4. The Sea of Adventure (1948)
5. The Mountain of Adventure (1949)
6. The Ship of Adventure (1950)
7. The Circus of Adventure (1952)
8. The River of Adventure (1955)

Family
1. The Caravan Family (1945)
2. The Saucy Jane Family (1947)
3. The Pole Star Family (1950)
4. The Seaside Family (1950)
5. The Buttercup Farm Family (1951)
6. The Queen Elizabeth Family (1951)

Amelia Jane
1. Naughty Amelia Jane (1946)
2. Amelia Jane Again (1946)

Malory Towers
1. First Term at Malory Towers (1946)
2. The Second Form at Malory Towers (1947)
3. Third Year at Malory Towers (1948)
4. The Upper Fourth at Malory Towers (1949)
5. In the Fifth at Malory Towers (1950)
6. Last Term at Malory Towers (1951)
Malory Towers Boxset (omnibus) (2008)

Happy House
1. The Children at Happy House (1946)
2. The Happy House Children Again (1947)
3. Benjy and the Others (1955)
4. The Happy House Children (1966)

Secret Seven
1. The Secret Seven (1948)
     aka The Secret Seven and the Mystery of the Empty House
2. Secret Seven Adventure (1950)
     aka The Secret Seven and the Circus Adventure
3. Well Done Secret Seven (1951)
     aka The Secret Seven and the Tree House Adventure
4. Secret Seven On the Trail (1952)
     aka The Secret Seven and the Railroad Mystery
5. Go Ahead Secret Seven (1953)
     aka The Secret Seven Get Their Man
6. Good Work Secret Seven (1954)
     aka The Secret Seven and the Case of the Stolen Car
7. Secret Seven Win Through (1955)
     aka The Secret Seven and the Hidden Cave Adventure
8. Three Cheers Secret Seven (1956)
     aka The Secret Seven and the Grim Secret
9. Secret Seven Mystery (1957)
     aka The Secret Seven and the Missing Girl Mystery
10. Puzzle for the Secret Seven (1958)
     aka The Secret Seven and the Case of the Music Lover
11. Secret Seven Fireworks (1959)
     aka The Secret Seven and the Bonfire Adventure
12. Good Old Secret Seven (1960)
     aka The Secret Seven and the Old Fort Adventure
13. Shock for the Secret Seven (1961)
     aka The Secret Seven and the Case of the Dog Lover
14. Look Out Secret Seven (1962)
     aka The Secret Seven and the Case of the Missing Medals
15. Fun for the Secret Seven (1963)
     aka The Secret Seven and the Case of the Old Horse
The Secret Seven Short Story Collection (1997)
Secret Seven Collection (omnibus) (2004)

Six Cousins
1. Six Cousins at Mistletoe Farm (1948)
2. Six Cousins Again (1950)

Twins
1. Tales of the Twins (1948)
2. Hello Twins (1951)
3. Come Along Twins (1952)
4. Here Come the Twins (1953)
5. Trouble for the Twins (1964)

Barney Junior Mystery
1. The Rockingdown Mystery (1949)
2. The Rilloby Fair Mystery (1950)
3. The Ring O'Bells Mystery (1951)
4. The Rubadub Mystery (1952)
5. The Rat-A-Tat Mystery (1956)
6. The Ragamuffin Mystery (1959)

Fabulous 4
Four in a Family (1956)
The Four Cousins (1961)

Noddy
Noddy Has an Adventure (1958)
Noddy and the Bunkey (1959)
Noddy and the Tootles (1962)
Noddy in the Land of Spells and Top Speed the Golly (1970)
Noddy and His Car (1990)
Noddy Goes to School (1990)
Noddy and His Friends (1993)
Noddy Meets Father Christmas (2009)

St Clares (with Pamela Cox)
Kitty At St Clare's (2008)

Noddy and Friends
Gobbo (2008)
Martha Monkey (2008)
Mr Plod (2008)

Enchanted World
Melody (2008) (with Elise Allen)
Bizzy and the Bedtime Bear (2009)
Pinx and the Ring of Midnight (2009)

New Adventures of the Wishing-Chair
Giantland (2009)
The Island of Surprises (2009)
The Land of Fairytales (2009)
The Land of Mythical Creatures (2009)
Spellworld (2009)
Winter Wonderland (2009)

Noddy in Toyland
Hide and Seek Fun (2009)
Noddy and the Pirates (2009)
Noddy Goes Vroom! (2009)
The Magic Watering Can (2010)
A Very Special Birthday (2010)

Novels
The Treasure Hunters (1940) (writing as Mary Pollock)
The Children of Cherry Tree Farm (1940)
The Children of Kidillin (1940) (writing as Mary Pollock)
Three Boys and a Circus (1940) (writing as Mary Pollock)
The Land of Far-Beyond (1942)
Shadow the Sheep Dog (1942)
The Adventures of Scamp (1943) (writing as Mary Pollock)
Smuggler Ben (1943) (writing as Mary Pollock)
The Boy Next Door (1944)
At Appletree Farm (1944)
The Brown Family (1945)
The Family at Red Roofs (1945)
Hollow Tree House (1945)
The Three Golliwogs (1946)
The Put-Em-Rights (1946)
The Little White Duck (1946)
The House at the Corner (1947)
The Secret of Cliff Castle (1947) (writing as Mary Pollock)
The Smith Family (1947)
The Boy With the Loaves and the Fishes (1948)
The Little Girl at Capernaum (1948)
They Ran Away Together (1948)
Those Dreadful Children (1949)
What an Adventure (1950)
The Six Bad Boys (1951)
The Very Big Secret (1952)
The Queer Adventure (1952)
Enid Blyton's Christmas Story (1953)
Snowball the Pony (1953)
Visitors in the Night (1953)
The Adventure of the Secret Necklace (1954)
The Golliwog Grumbled (1954)
The Children at Green Meadows (1954)
Mischief Again! (1955)
Holiday House (1955)
Bible Stories from the New Testament (1955)
The Troublesome Three (1955)
The Adventure of the Strange Ruby (1960)
The Boy Who Wanted a Dog (1963)
The Boy Who Came Back (1965)
The Man Who Stopped to Help (1965)
The Dog with the Long Tail (1975)
The Night The Toys Had A Party (1989)
The Land of Blue Mountains (1993)

Omnibus
Enid Blyton's Omnibus! (1952)

Collections
Child Whispers (poems) (1922)
Tales of Brer Rabbit: Retold (1928)
Heyo, Brer Rabbit!: Tales of Brer Rabbit and His Friends (1938)
The Further Adventures of Brer Rabbit (1942)
The Magic Brush: And Other Stories (1942)
I'll Tell You Another Story (1943)
Tales of Green Hedges (1946)
Enid Blyton's Treasury (1947)
Before I Go to Sleep (1947)
The Second Holiday Book (1947)
Brer Rabbit and His Friends (1948)
Brer Rabbit Book (1948)
The Sixth holiday Book (1951)
Down At the Farm (1952)
My Third Enid Blyton Book (1955)
Bible Stories from the Old Testament (1955)
Enid Blyton's More Chimney Corner Stories (1955)
The Tenth Holiday Book (1955)
Story Book of Jesus (1956)
Enid Blyton's Eighth Bedside Book (1956)
Adventure Stories (1960)
Dog stories (1960)
Mystery Stories (1960)
The Mystery That Never Was (1961)
Brer Rabbit Again (1963)
Chimney Corner Stories (1963)
Enid Blyton's Happy Hours Story Book (1964)
Brer Rabbit's a Rascal (1965)
The Enid Blyton Bedtime Story Book (1980)
Brer Bear's Red Carrots: And Other Stories (1987)
Enid Blyton's Santa's Workshop (1991)
The Sneezing Dog and Other Stories (1993)
Enid Blyton's Adventure Treasury (1999)
The O'clock Tales (2010)

Chapbooks
The Hidey Hole (1932)

Picture Books
Let's Go to the Circus (1951)
 
Non fiction
Enid Blyton's Nature Lessons (1929)
The Children's Life of Christ (1943)
Let's Garden (1948)
The Story of My Life (1952)
 
Books about Enid Blyton
Who's Who in Enid Blyton (1997) by Eva Rice


 

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